Brief portrait of "Erasmus+"
The Erasmus program is a funding program of the European Union. Since 2014 it has been merged with other programs to form Erasmus+, the term thus stands for the program for education, youth and sport of the European Union. In addition to all EU member states, Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein, Serbia, North Macedonia and Turkey also take part in all actions as so-called program states. The new partnership agreement (after the exit agreement of January 31, 2020) does not envisage any further participation as a program country for the United Kingdom.
Erasmus+ school education since 2021, the new generation of programs (running from 2021 to 2027), continues the successful Erasmus program. Mobilities for teachers and students as well as partnerships for cooperation are promoted. The aim is to promote cooperation between schools of all school levels and types within the European Union.
Implementation of the program in Germany
The National Agency in the Pedagogical Exchange Service (PAD) of the Secretariat of the Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs is responsible for school and preschool education in Erasmus+ and conducts international exchange programs in the school sector on behalf of the federal states of Germany.
Erasmus+ goals in the school sector
The program supports the goals of the EU's Europe 2020 strategy for growth, jobs, social justice and inclusion. For the school sector, the priority goals are:
- Promote the common values of freedom, tolerance and non-discrimination as defined in the "Paris Declaration" of 2015
- Lowering the early school dropout rate in the EU
- Improving the key skills needed for the labor market and society
- Strengthening the professional skills of teachers and school administrators
- Increase the educational opportunities of children and young people with a migration background and from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds
- Improve participation in and quality of early childhood care, education and upbringing
The program is divided into three so-called key actions:
Key Action 1
The individual mobility measures are aimed at teachers, school administrators and educational specialists.
- Improving the quality of teaching by supporting the professional development of teachers and educational staff
- Improvement of the basic skills, interdisciplinary skills and attitudes of teachers, such as multilingualism and intercultural knowledge and digital skills
- Training activities as a strategic instrument for the further development and internationalization of the school
- Further training in a program country through participation in a structured course in a program country
- (Collegial) observation / job shadowing at another school or at an institution relevant for schooling in a program country
- Teaching activity: sending one or more teachers to a school in a program country to teach there
Key Action 2
Under key action 2, Erasmus+ promotes strategic partnerships in the school sector. These are cooperation projects in which educational institutions from different countries work on common goals. The projects can vary in size and scope, depending on the needs and goals of the applicants.
Key Action 3
Key action 3 provides grants for a wide variety of actions aimed at promoting the development and implementation of innovative policies, political dialogue and knowledge sharing in the fields of education, training and youth.